Temple relief of Senwosret I (?) - ROM2018_16243_2


Temple relief of Senwosret I (?)

Geography: Possibly from Coptos, Egypt
Date: c. 1985-1773 BC
Period: 12th Dynasty, Middle Kingdom
46.9 × 81.1 × 5.8 cm
Object number: 910.101
On view
Gallery Location:Galleries of Africa: Egypt

This fine relief of a Middle Kingdom king probably comes from the Twelfth Dynasty temple of Senwosret I to Min at Coptos. By the Ptolemaic Period, this temple had been taken apart and its blocks reused in the foundations of later buildings.

Here the king faces right, but not enough of the block has survived to tell us whether he was standing or sitting, walking in procession or offering to the god. The king wears the crown of the North of Egypt, the Deshret Crown, with a broad collar around his neck.  The collar consists of five rows of cylindrical beads and one of drop beads.  His garment ties at his left shoulder. Behind the king’s head the hieroglyphs give a blessing: “May all life and safety be at his back.” The upper right corner of the piece shows the bottom of the king’s serekh, whose upper part would have contained his Horus name. Part of a standard with the symbol of life, the ankh is in front of him.

The king and the probable original location of this piece have been identified by comparison with pieces from Senwosret I’s temple to Min at Coptos excavated by Flinders Petrie, now in the University College Museum in London.

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