Funerary cone of Amunmose, 1st prophet of Thutmose I - ROM2016_15062_19


Funerary cone of Amunmose, 1st prophet of Thutmose I

Medium:Unfired clay, impressed with stamp seal
Geography: Theban Tomb (TT51), el-Qurna, Luxor, Egypt
Date: c. 1294-1213 BC
Period: Reigns of Sety I-Ramesses II, 19th Dynasty, New Kingdom
25.2 x 8 cm
Object number: 963.101.3
Not on view
DescriptionFunerary cones are largely a New Kingdom Theban phenomenon.  They are usually hand-made of clay and the flat base of the cone is impressed with a seal containing the name and titles of the tomb owner, which therefore appear in relief. The cones seem to have originally been placed above the entrance of the owner's tomb, with the pointed end inserted into the ground or plaster and flat end being visible to those visiting the tomb. Friezes made of upward of 300 cones seem to have formed exterior decoration of many of the Theban tombs, especially in the 18th Dynasty. Representations of these cone friezes have been found in some of the Theban tombs. Unfortunately, none of the actual cone friezes remain intact today. Cones have been found in at least one instance lining the court of a tomb. This cone is stamped with a text identifying the owner of Theban Tomb 51; it reads "praising Amun by the first prophet of Thutmse I Amunmose, justified." Amunmose lived during the early 19th Dynasty and served a a priest for the funerary temple of Thutmose I. Thutmose I is the pharaoh who established the Valley of the Kings as the royal burial ground, hence he was revered as a patron of western Thebes. The cone is made of Nile silt and the exterior is blackened, perhaps by fire.
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