Figure of squatting baboon - 905.2.74_1


Figure of squatting baboon

Geography: Excavated at Abydos, Egypt
Date: c. 3100-2890 BC
Period: 1st Dynasty, Early Dynastic Period
5.4 x 2.2 x 2.5 cm
Object number: 905.2.74
On view
Gallery Location:Galleries of Africa: Egypt

Small figures of baboons like this one, mass produced for worshippers, were found in great numbers in deposits of temple refuse at Abydos.  In the Predynastic and Archaic periods, baboons were connected to the cult of the sun god, possibly because of the animals' vigorous and noisy reactions to sunrise.  Similar figures have been found at Hierakonpolis and Elephantine, showing the important role of baboons in cult. 

Later, during the Old Kingdom, the baboon became associated with the god Djehuty, or Thoth.


Object History: Excavated by the Egypt Exploration Society, 1902-1904
If you see an error or have additional information, please contact us by clicking here.