Raised relief fragment - 910.34.23_1


Raised relief fragment

Geography: Excavated at the temple of Nebhepetre Montuhotep, Deir el-Bahri, Egypt
Date: c. 2055-2004 BC
Period: Reign of Mentuhotep II, 11th Dynasty, Middle Kingdom
13.3 x 13 x 9 x 3.2 cm
Object number: 910.34.23
Not on view

The Great Temple of Nebhepetre Montuhotep at Deir el Bahari was constructed in several phases. Its first incarnation appears to have been centered on Hathor, goddess of love and beauty, sexuality, joy and music.  As the temple, Akh-Isut, was expanded and renovated, the main focus of the cult became Montu-Re, and then, finally, the Theban god, Amun. The temple was decorated with many scenes from the standard Old Kingdom repertoire of hunting and warfare, but also from more local traditions showing processions of royal ladies, boat rituals, and possibly a sea battle.

This mysterious fragment shows a person, facing left. The remains of a broad collar and single strap cover the upper chest. Old repairs to the chin and jaw obscure the original lines.  It is not clear if the person is male or female, though the treatment of the nose and lips is in accordance with the face of Nebhepetr eMontuhotepp as shown on the shrine of Kemsit.

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