Bread fragment - ROM2016_15146_23


Bread fragment

Geography: Excavated at Deir el-Bahri, Egypt
Date: c. 2040-1985 BC
Period: Probably 11th Dynasty, Middle Kingdom
7.5 x 4.5 cm
Object number: 909.80.617
On view
Gallery Location:Galleries of Africa: Egypt
DescriptionBread was one of the staples of the ancient Egyptian diet and was also used in offerings. Many different types of bread were made with different types of flour and other ingrediants such as milk, fruit, fat or honey, as well as being made in different shapes. Since flour was ground using stone querns small bits of abrasive particles have been found in ancient Egyptian bread; these along with wind-blown sand are thought to account for the attrition and wear commonly seen on the teeth of ancient Egyptian mummies.  Round loaves such as this may have been made in low braziers being pressed against the inside of the heated walls once the fire had gone out.
Browse Categories:Archaeology
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