Model oven - 907.18.834_1


Model oven

Medium:Wood, carved and painted
Geography: Excavated at Deir el-Bahri, Egypt
Date: c. 2055-2004 BC
Period: Reign of Mentuhotep II, 11th Dynasty, Middle Kingdom
12.2 × 6.7 cm
Object number: 907.18.834
Not on view

Bread and beer made of emmer and barley were the typical foods of the ancient Egyptians.  The whole process of breadmaking is frequently reproduced on Egyptian tomb walls and in tomb models. Baking was the final stage in the preparation which began with winnowing and grinding the grain and making flour. At first baking was done over an open fire or breadmoulds were piled over a fire.  By the Middle Kingdom, however, bee-hive shaped ovens had come into use in which flat loaves of bread could be baked.

Object History: Excavated by the Egypt Exploration Society, 1907-1910
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