Amulet, wadjet eye - ROM2011_11751_45


Amulet, wadjet eye

Medium:Glazed composition (faience)
Geography: Excavated at Gebel Adda, Egypt (ancient Nubia)
Date: c. 300 BC-350 AD
Period: Meroitic Period
3.2 x 2.7 x 1 cm
Object number: 973.24.1031
Credit Line: Gift of the National Geographic Society
On view
Gallery Location:Galleries of Africa: Nubia
DescriptionThe wadjet eye, whose Egyptian name means 'the sound one' or 'the healthy one,’ was one of the most popular of all Ancient Egyptian amulets. It represents the eye of the falcon-headed god, Horus.The markings underneath the eye resemble the markings around the eyes of the Lanner falcon, who may have been the early model for Horus. In one story, Horus' eye was ripped out by his uncle Seth during a battle. The eye was magically restored by the god Thoth, who can be depicted holding the healed eye. In another story, the Wadjet is the eye of Horus-the-Elder, whose right eye was the sun, and whose left eye was the moon. The moon could be seen as injured, waxing and waning, and as an eye in need of healing. On the other hand, the wadjet would represent the sun, the 'healthy' eye. After the god Osiris rose to prominence at the end of the Old Kingdom, the eye was usually identified as the eye of his son, Horus. The Sacred Eye, depicted as a wadjet eye, is mentioned in Spells 140 and 167 of The Book of the Dead.
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