Funerary cone of the Scribe Pawah - 993x2.76_1


Funerary cone of the Scribe Pawah

Medium:Unfired stamped clay
Geography: Undetermined Theban Tomb, Luxor, Egypt
Date: ca. 1550-1069 BC
Period: 18th-20th Dynasty, New Kingdom
8.3 × 17.4 cm
Object number: 993X2.76
Not on view

Funerary cones are largely a New Kingdom Theban phenomenon. They are usually hand-made of clay and the flat base of the cone is impressed with a seal containing the name and titles of the tomb owner, which therefore appear in relief.The cones seem to have originally been placed above the entrance of the owner's tomb, with the pointed end inserted into the ground or plaster and the flat end being visible to those visiting the tomb. Friezes made of upward of 300 cones seem to have formed exterior decoration of many of the Theban tombs, especially iin the 18th Dynasty. Representations of these cone friezes have been found in some of the Theban tombs. Unfortunately, none of the actual cone friezes remain intact today. Cones have been found in at least one instance lining the court of a tomb. 

This cone is made of Nile silt, hand-shaped with the impression of a seal on the wide end. The seal is stamped with four vertical lines of hieroglyphic text identifying the owner as the Scribe Pawah. The text reads reads "a royal offering to Osiris Heka-djet (ruler of eternity), the great god, lord of the westerners. Made for the Scribe Pawah (and) his wife Henutwadju." The funerary cones of Pawah have been recovered from Theban Tomb 23 (of the Scribe Thay), where they seem to have been dumped.

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