Squatting baboon figure - 905.2.75_1

905.2.75_1

Squatting baboon figure

Medium:Glazed composition (faience)
Geography: Excavated at Abydos, Egypt
Date: c. 3100-2890 BC
Period: 1st Dynasty, Early Dynastic Period
Dimensions:
4.5 cm
Object number: 905.2.75
On view
Gallery Location:Galleries of Africa: Egypt
Description

Small figures of baboons like this one, mass produced for worshippers, were found in great numbers in deposits of temple refuse at Abydos.  In the Predynastic and Archaic periods, baboons were connected to the cult of the sun god, possibly because of the animals' vigorous and noisy reactions to sunrise.  Similar figures have been found at Hierakonpolis and Elephantine, showing the important role of baboons in cult. 

Later, during the Old Kingdom, the baboon became associated with the god Djehuty, or Thoth.

Collection:
Egypt
Object History: Excavated by the Egypt Exploration Society, 1902-1904
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