Funerary cone of Steward and Overseer of the cattle of Amun Sennefer - 993x2.57_1


Funerary cone of Steward and Overseer of the cattle of Amun Sennefer

Medium:Unfired clay, impressed with stamp seal
Geography: Theban Tomb (TT96), el-Qurna, Luxor, Egypt
Date: c. 1504-1425 BC
Period: Reigns of Thutmose III and Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty, New Kingdom
7.6 × 20.5 cm
Object number: 993X2.57
Not on view

Funerary cones are largely a New Kingdom Theban phenomenon.  They are usually hand-made of clay and the flat base of the cone is impressed with a seal containing the name and titles of the tomb owner, which therefore appear in relief. The cones seem to have originally been placed above the entrance of the owner's tomb, with the pointed end inserted into the ground or plaster and flat end being visible to those visiting the tomb. Friezes made of upward of 300 cones seem to have formed exterior decoration of many of the Theban tombs, especially in the 18th Dynasty. Representations of these cone friezes have been found in some of the Theban tombs. Unfortunately, none of the actual cone friezes remain intact today. Cones have been found in at least one instance lining the court of a tomb. 

This cone is stamped with a text identifying the owner of Theban Tomb 96; it reads "Count of the southern city (Thebes), Overseer of the cattle of Amun, Sennefer, justified." Sennefer's tomb is small but has beautifully painted murals on titd walls, including depictions of grape vines, so Theban Tomb 96 is known as  the "Tomb of the Vineyards."

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