Funerary cone of Steward Paentjebu - 993x2.56_1


Funerary cone of Steward Paentjebu

Medium:Unfired clay, impressed with stamp seal
Geography: Undetermined Theban Tomb, Dra Abu el-Naga, Luxor, Egypt
Date: c. 1550-1295 BC
Period: Probably 18th Dynasty, New Kingdom
7.5 × 24 cm
Object number: 993X2.56
Not on view

Funerary cones are largely a New Kingdom Theban phenomenon.  They are usually hand-made of clay and the flat base of the cone is impressed with a seal containing the name and titles of the tomb owner, which therefore appear in relief. The cones seem to have originally been placed above the entrance of the owner's tomb, with the pointed end inserted into the ground or plaster and flat end being visible to those visiting the tomb. Friezes made of upward of 300 cones seem to have formed exterior decoration of many of the Theban tombs, especially in the 18th Dynasty. Representations of these cone friezes have been found in some of the Theban tombs. Unfortunately, none of the actual cone friezes remain intact today. Cones have been found in at least one instance lining the court of a tomb. 

The tomb from which this funerary cone came has not yet been located.  Similar cones have been found in the Theban necropolis in the region of Dra Abu el-Naga, where there are tombs of the late 17th and 18th Dynasties.  The seal impression is smaller than the end of the cone.  The text stamped on the cone is "The Steward Paentjebu, justified."  This official is otherwise unknown. His name is fairly unusual, meaning something like "the one of the sandal."

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