Hathor head jar rim fragment - 2010x2.8.1_1


Hathor head jar rim fragment

Medium:Ceramic (blue-painted earthenware)
Geography: Probably from Amarna, Egypt
Date: c. 1350-1085 BC
Period: Late 18th to 19th Dynasty, New Kingdom
21 x 20 x 9 x 25 cm
Object number: 2010X2.8.1
Not on view

A number of pottery fragments decorated with Hathor heads have been excavated in residential areas at Amarna, as well as other New Kingdom sites, such as Malqata and Deir el-Medina. Hathor is a goddess with solar connections and was the patron of women, fertility, making merry and love. She was not part of the official Amarna religion, but private individuals continued to have amulets of protective deities such as Bes, Taweret and Hathor during the Atenist period.

This jar fragment, originally the top part of a tall vessel, is made of Nile silt covered with a cream slip. This top part would attach to a constricted neck area which would join to a globular or oval body with the upper part decorated with petal decoration. The wall of the wheel-made head area was pushed out to form a projecting Hathor-face on the exterior; the finger indents from this process remain on the interior. The Hathor head is mostly preserved, but the left ear is missing and a triangular piece from the right side of the face is missing which includes most of the right eye. The nose and mouth of the face are indicated in relief. The hair has been painted with light blue paint which extends up to the bottom of the jar collar. To the right of the Hathor head is a blue painted lotus column and a was-scepter. This may be part of the same vessel as 2010X2.8.2.

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