Ceremonial pipe - ROM2005_5275_1


Ceremonial pipe

Maker: Plains Cree
Medium:Stone, wood, eagle feathers, porcupine quillwork, and dyed horsehair
Geography: Saskatchewan or Manitoba, Canada
Date: c. 1870
35 × 88 cm
Object number: 913.15.18
Credit Line: Edmund Morris Collection
On view
Gallery Location:Daphne Cockwell Gallery dedicated to First Peoples art & culture

Collected by Lt. Gov. Alexander Morris and donated by his son, Edmund Morris. Ceremonial pipe probably used at Treaty negotiations and presented to Lt. Gov. Morris. Apparently, Morris termed this a 'Peace pipe'.

Edmund Morris lived from 1871 to 1913, a period of rapid transition in which the Plains Indian tribes shifted from nomadic dependence on the buffalo to settlement on parcels of land called “reserves.” From 1907 to 1911, Edmund journeyed to reserves in the newly formed prairie provinces to create an intimate and thoughtful record of Indian life through pastel sketches, photography, the written word, and a collection of artifacts. As the youngest son of Alexander Morris, the Lieutenant Governor who negotiated most of the Plains Indian treaties, Edmund had a deep commitment to his task. His work provides remarkable insight into the lives of the Plains people and their communities. In 1913 he donated his extraordinary collection of artifacts and his diary to the Royal Ontario Museum, the same year the Province of Ontario transferred to the musuem its collection of 58 Plains portraits by Morris.

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