Etruscan bucchero jug decorated with an animal frieze - ROM2010_11485_83


Etruscan bucchero jug decorated with an animal frieze

Medium:Wheel-thrown earthenware, burnished with incised and stamped decoration
Geography: Made in Cerveteri, Etruria, Italy; from Cerveteri
Date: about 630-600 BC
Period: Etruscan Orientalizing period
9.7 x 8.4 cm
Object number: 918.3.156
Credit Line: Gift of Mrs. H.D. Warren
On view
Gallery Location:Eaton Gallery of Rome - Bratty Exhibit of Etruria

This jug is an early example of bucchero ware. The incised decoration around the body shows lions, a panther, a goat, a deer and a sphinx. The base and shoulder are also decorated with incision. The tiny rosettes which decorate the neck and rim are made with a stamp. 

Bucchero-ware pottery was produced from the 7th to the 5th centuries BC in Etruria. It was made from local clay fired in a kiln in a strongly reducing atmosphere (without oxygen), which caused a chemical reaction with the iron oxides in the clay, turning the vase black. The surface of the vase was burnished (polished with a wooden tool) before firing, giving it a lustrous sheen. This was just one way in which this type of pottery imitated metal vessels. The earliest Etruscan bucchero was thin-walled, but over time it became heavier.

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