Etruscan bucchero kyathos with animals on the handle - ROM2010_11485_16


Etruscan bucchero kyathos with animals on the handle

Medium:Wheel-thrown earthenware, burnished with relief decoration
Geography: Made in Etruria, Italy, possibly at Orvieto; findspot unknown
Date: about 630-600 BC
Period: Etruscan Orientalizing period
19.5 x 11 cm
Object number: 920X92.102
On view
Gallery Location:Eaton Gallery of Rome - Bratty Exhibit of Etruria

This early bucchero shape was strongly influenced by metal ware shapes. The broad strap handle is decorated in relief with a pair of confronting lions (or griffins) and a pair of horses in the same pose. It was made by being pressed into a mould, before being attached to the body of the vessel.

Bucchero-ware pottery was produced from the 7th to the 5th centuries BC in Etruria. It was made from local clay fired in a kiln in a strongly reducing atmosphere (without oxygen), which caused a chemical reaction with the iron oxides in the clay, turning the vase black. The surface of the vase was burnished (polished with a wooden tool) before firing, giving it a lustrous sheen. This was just one way in which this type of pottery imitated metal vessels. The earliest Etruscan bucchero was thin-walled, but over time it became heavier.

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