Etruscan bucchero amphora - ROM2010_11669_19


Etruscan bucchero amphora

Medium:Wheel-thrown earthenware, burnished with relief decoration
Geography: Made in Etruria, Italy, probably at Orvieto; findspot unknown
Date: about 550-500 BC
Period: Etruscan Archaic period
33.3 x 19.5 cm
Object number: 920X92.75
On view
Gallery Location:Eaton Gallery of Rome - Bratty Exhibit of Etruria

The relief decoration of large 'tongues' around the shoulder have been formed by pressing out from the inside inot a mould.

Bucchero-ware pottery was produced from the 7th to the 5th centuries BC in Etruria. It was made from local clay fired in a kiln in a strongly reducing atmosphere (without oxygen), which caused a chemical reaction with the iron oxides in the clay, turning the vase black. The surface of the vase was burnished (polished with a wooden tool) before firing, giving it a lustrous sheen. This was just one way in which this type of pottery imitated metal vessels. The earliest Etruscan bucchero was thin-walled, but over time it became heavier.

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