Child's dress - ROM2014_13910_28

ROM2014_13910_28

Child's dress

Medium:Linen tabby with silk embroidery
Geography: Egypt
Date: 14th century
Period: Mamluk Dynasty
Dimensions:
47 x 59.5 cm
Object number: 978.76.1013
Credit Line: Abemayor Collection given in memory of Dr. Veronika Gervers, Associate Curator, Textile Department (1968-1979) by Albert and Federico Friedberg. Certified by the Canadian Cultural Property Export Review Board under the terms of the Cultural Property Export and Import Act. Attestée par la Commission canadienne d'examen des exportations de biens culturels en vertu de la Loi sur l'exportation et l'importation de biens culturels.
Not on view
Description

This dress is from the Mamluk period but reflects a style worn already in Fatimid times. It is wide in both body and sleeve, decorated with embroidered geometric designs in darning stitch worked on counted threads. Dresses with decoration confined to sleeve bands may be earlier than those with spaced stripes. In this case, the embroidery around the neck opening perhaps represents a necklace with pendant amulets, intended for protection.

In contrast to Coptic tunics, which were woven to shape on a wide loom, this dress is composed of several pieces cut from a length of fabric woven on a narrower loom. In many garments of this period, the body is cut in a single piece that wraps over the shoulder to form the centre front and back of the garment. The sleeves and side panels are also cut so that they wrap around the body. Smaller pieces are often required to complete the garment, and their haphazard nature suggests reuse of an older garment.

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