Mastodont - ROM2007_9476_1

ROM2007_9476_1

Mastodont

Geography: Canada, Ontario: Welland
Date: Purchased in 1919
Dimensions:
length=642; width=170; height=300 cm
Taxonomy
    • Attributes
    • Objects
    • Taxonomy
    • Kingdom: Animalia
    • Phylum: Chordata
    • Class: Mammalia
    • Order: Proboscidea
    • Family: Mammutidae
    • Genus: Mammut
    • SpecificEpithet: americanum
Object number: 65
On view
DescriptionThe mastodont, Mammut americanum, was one of the largest mammals living during the Pleistocene, from about 2 million years ago to 10,000 years ago. Along with the extinct mammoth, it belonged to the Proboscidea order, which now contains only one family—modern-day elephants. Smaller than a mammoth, the mastodont was similar in size to an elephant, but had a longer body, shorter legs, rounded teeth, and larger and longer tusks (up to five metres in length). A herbivore, the mastodont inhabited spruce and fir forests across North America, browsing on leaves, twigs, branches and shrubs. This individual only had one tusk: the cavity in the skull for the left tusk had closed during its lifetime. Also look at the front of the mastodont's lower jaw to see a second pair of small tusks: mammoths and elephants lack these.
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