Textile fragment, probably from a mantle - ROM2008_9755_12

ROM2008_9755_12

Textile fragment, probably from a mantle

Maker: Central Coast or South Coast Cultures
Medium:Cotton double weave
Geography: Peru
Date: 1000-1470
Period: Central Coast or South Coast Cultures, Late Intermediate Period, Pre-Columbian Andean
Dimensions:
34.5 x 24 cm
Object number: 972.231.9
Not on view
DescriptionThis fragment is likely from a mantle which was composed of many strips of cloth. Such mantles were common throughout the Central and South Coast of Peru in the period before the Inca expansion. They were probably male garments and were often reused in mummy bundles. In this case, the double weave is made by weaving two layers of tabby so that the contrasting colours interpenetrate to produce the pattern. The ROM’s Peruvian textile collection includes some of the most spectacular pre-Columbian fabrics from the cultures of the Pacific Coast. Textile manufacture in this region began by at least 4000 BC. Cloth-making was a central economic activity and textiles held enormous social, political, religious and aesthetic value. Alpaca fibre, cotton, grasses, feathers and other materials were used to create garments that colourfully encoded distinctions of social status, occupation, and ethnicity.
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