Mat or hanging - ROM2018_16903_1


Mat or hanging

Medium:Chintz: cotton tabby, block printed and painted mordants, resist and dyes
Geography: Coastal southeast India for the Iranian market
Date: around 1825-1850
140 x 91 cm
Object number: 934.4.80
Credit Line: Harry Wearne Collection, Gift of Mrs. Harry Wearne
On view
Gallery Location:The Patricia Harris Gallery of Textiles & Costume

Mat or hanging with architectural niche (mihrab), cypress trees, and floral swags. Iran was among the world’s greatest importers of Indian chintz, and Iranian merchants were great traders in the cloth. To please this important market, India’s cotton painters and printers created novel forms such as prayer mats, and designs built around cypress trees, architectural niches (mihrabs), and pious Islamic inscriptions. Iranian customers also favoured heavily-glazed dress fabrics, black outlines, spiky vegetation, and foreign fancies such as European floral swags. Iran reportedly banned imports of Indian chintz in 1925 to protect its own textile industry.

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