Portable cross with triple circle motifs - 910.152.7_2_3k


Portable cross with triple circle motifs

Medium:Hammered bronze, stamped and engraved, tang at base broken
Geography: Egypt
Date: about 900-1000 CE
Period: Mediaeval, Byzantine period Coptic
21.3 x 16.9 cm
Object number: 910.152.7
Not on view

A processional cross is a crucifix or cross which is carried at the head of a Christian procession, and which is usually mounted upon a long staff or handle.

The Byzantine Divine Liturgy was symbolic re-enactment of Christ's Incarnation, teachings, and sacrifice. This Great Mysterium - the redemption of humanity - unfolded in an elaborate church ceremony that included prayers, hymns, readings, processions, and lavish vestments. The ceremony involved the whole person, enlightening the mind and stimulating the senses so the worshipper would experience the Divine. Some of the important implements used in conjunction with the ceremony were patens and chalices to hold the bread and the wine of the Eucharist, spoons, processional crosses, censers for burning incense, and lamps for lighting.

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