Tiraz textile fragment - ROM2014_14244_3


Tiraz textile fragment

Medium:Closely woven, bleached and glazed linen tabby with silk embroidered inscription
Geography: Misr (Old Cairo), Egypt
Date: Dated 306 (918-19 AD)
Period: al-Muqtadir (r. 907-933), Abbasid Dynasty
25.5 x 47.4 cm
Object number: 980.78.51
Credit Line: Wilkinson Collection, Gift of Albert and Federico Friedberg. Certified by the Canadian Cultural Property Export Review Board under the terms of the Cultural Property Export and Import Act. Attestée par la Commission canadienne d'examen des exportations de biens culturels en vertu de la Loi sur l'exportation et l'importation de biens culturels.
Not on view

Closely woven, bleached and glazed linen tabby with a complete embroidered inscription worked in crimson silk on counted thread. The inscription gives the name of the caliph al-Muqtadir, the vazir Hamid b. al-'Abbas (306-311 A.H.), and the superintendant of the workshop Shafi' al-Muqtadiri in Misr, Egypt. Shafi' served a very long term as superintentdant of the Misr (Fustat) workshop and others in Egypt. Many tiraz fragments bearing his name survive. The inscription is written in an angular Arabic script called Kufic, this was probably part of the garment. "In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate. Praise to God, the Lord of the Worlds. Blessing from God Dja’far the Imam al-Muqtadir billah, Commander of the Faithful, may God strengthen him. From what has been ordered by the vazir Hamid (ibn) ql-‘Abbas to be made in Egypt (Cairo) under the direction of Shafi’ al-Maqtadir(I). (year) three hundred and seven. Happiness." The fact that it has a linen ground suggests that it was probably made in Egypt rather than in Iraq. The style of the inscription (less refined) and the technique (a variety of embroidery stitches) also suggest that it was made in Egypt rather than Iraq in the Abbasid period.

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