Bi disc with a wood stand - ROM2015_14865_9

ROM2015_14865_9

Bi disc with a wood stand

Medium:Worked and polished jade (nephrite)
Geography: Zhejiang; China
Date: 3rd millennium BC
Period: Neolithic Liangzhu Culture
Dimensions:
Diameter 21 cm; Thickness 0.8 cm,overall height with the base 36 cm
Object number: 2012.71.1.1
Credit Line: Gift of Mr. Bernard Rasch
Not on view
Description

Included in Wu Dacheng’s book gu yu tu kao published in 1889, this greenish blue jade disc shows black flecks on surface with covered predominantly with brownish patination due to the burying over thousands of years. Finely made, this large-then-average size for Liangzhu culture jade disc was used as ritual objects by Neolithic elits. The perforation was done bilaterally, with one side being drilled deep into 9/10 portion of the peroration, in order to meet the drilling easily from the other side. Surface polished but worn is a result of a long historic time of hand-handling of collecting and appreciation. The edge is not uniformly smoothed, and a portion of it were polished with glue to stabilize it on the wood stand which was probably made by Wu Dacheng, whose studio name ke zhai seal mark was carved on the stand. Further inscription on the stand identifies that it was first in the collection of Gu Zhijia (顾子嘉) of Nanxun (南浔) who presented this disc to Wu Dacheng in exchange of Wu’s bronze zhun vessel. The last owner of this disc before coming to the ROM possession was a Canadian Bernard Rasch.

玉质呈不均匀黄褐色,不透明,局部有灰白色斑状和条状沁色。整体呈扁平圆形,两面光素。正中有对钻圆孔。有原配木托。木托两面镌刻文字,正面为“苍璧,青玉无文,制作浑朴,亦三代礼天之器”及“愙斋题”。此段文字与《古玉图考》三十四页相同,可知此器正是该页所绘之玉璧。木托背面铭刻为“旧藏南浔顾子嘉处,徐翰卿以诸女方尊易得之,令归愙斋”,以及“十圭山房”(吴氏室名之一),简述了该璧的由来,即徐翰卿代表吴大澂用一件青铜尊从浙江湖州南浔顾子嘉处换得此玉璧,后归入吴大澂收藏。


Collection:
China
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