Etruscan bucchero chalice with female heads in relief - ROM2010_11485_28


Etruscan bucchero chalice with female heads in relief

Medium:Wheel-thrown earthenware, burnished with mould-made relief decoration
Geography: Made in Eturia, Italy; from Orvieto, Etruria
Date: about 575-550 BC
Period: Etruscan Archaic period
17.5 x 16 cm
Object number: 919.5.169
Credit Line: Sigmund Samuel Collection
On view
Gallery Location:Eaton Gallery of Rome - Bratty Exhibit of Etruria

This Etruscan chalice (cup) imitates metalware. The rim is scalloped to form 12 shallow lobes, topped with knobs, and four mould-made female masks have been appiled as relief decoration.

Bucchero-ware pottery was produced from the 7th to the 5th centuries BC in Etruria. It was made from local clay fired in a kiln in a strongly reducing atmosphere (without oxygen), which caused a chemical reaction with the iron oxides in the clay, turning the vase black. The surface of the vase was burnished (polished with a wooden tool) before firing, giving it a lustrous sheen. This was just one way in which this type of pottery imitated metal vessels. The earliest Etruscan bucchero was thin-walled, but over time it became heavier.

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