Ceñidor (man’s waist sash) - ROM2015_14431_28


Ceñidor (man’s waist sash)

Maker: Otomi culture
Medium:Warp-patterned cotton
Geography: Ixmiquilpan, State of Hidalgo, Mexico
Date: c. 1950
218.2 x 17.2 cm
Object number: 960.100.2
Credit Line: Gift of Mrs. Donnell Brooks Young
Not on view

Complex geometric motifs are reversed on opposite sides of the cloth, with blue designs showing as white and vice versa. The warp (vertical) threads, which carry the patterning, are finger-knotted at both ends to form a stylized floral design, and then are loosely twisted.

Woven waist sashes have long been important in male and female dress. Today, however, many indigenous men prefer modern belts of leather or plastic. Despite this trend, the Huichol still make double-cloth sashes and shoulder-bags of wool and cotton on a backstrap loom. In northern Mexico, the Tarahumara use a rigid loom of logs to weave wool blankets and geometrically-patterned sashes. The warp (vertical) threads at the ends of sashes are often braided or knotted to prevent unravelling, creating a decorative fringe.

For most types of clothing, backstrap weavers make panels of cloth with four selvages. When weaving sashes, however, makers usually wind the warp (vertical) threads directly around the end bars of the loom, later severing and knotting them to prevent unravelling.

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