Palampore (textile panel) - ROM2013_13266_1

ROM2013_13266_1

Palampore (textile panel)

Medium:Chintz: cotton tabby, painted, mordant-dyed, resist-dyed, overpainted, glazed
Geography: Coastal southeast India, for the English market
Date: c. 1730-1740
Dimensions:
331.3 x 228.6 cm
Object number: 934.4.16
Credit Line: Harry Wearne Collection, Gift of Mrs. Harry Wearne
On view
Gallery Location:Samuel European Galleries: Temporary Exhibition Space
Description

The five bouquets in the centre of this palampore have been traced to five engravings from the Twelve Months of Flowers: March, April, June, July, and August. The Twelve Months of Flowers is a set of 12 botanical engravings based on original paintings by the Flemish artist Pieter Casteels (1684-1749). The set was published in London in 1730 as an innovative seed catalogue, by nurseryman and gardener Robert Furber, to promote his stock of garden plants according to the months in which they bloomed.Each bouquet was modified by replacing the urn with a ribbon, flipping it, altering flower colours, and adjusting the flower positions to make it rectangular. Flowers from each bouquet appear in the border. The flowers depicted include the following: 

1) Madonna lily Lilium candidum; native to Crete, Israel, and Lebanon. This fragrant, white-flowered species has been cultivated since 1500 BCE and used for scent-making. The engraving of the July bouquet lists "White lily striped with purple" which was a cultivated variety of this species.

2) ‘blew’ oriental hyacinth Hyacinthus orientalis; native to northeastern Mediterranean regions. This hyacinth was first introduced to Italy and western Europe, through Turkey in 1562. By the mid-1700s, Europe experienced a hyacinthomania when individual nurseries offered hundreds of different cultivated varieties.

3) hybrid chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum ×morifolium; native to Asia. Yellow-flowered varieties arrived in Europe in the late 1600s, and by 1764 were being cultivated in the Chelsea Physic Garden, London. This flower is the only one not sourced from the "Twelve Months of Flowers" engravings


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