Woman's huipil (bodice) - ROM2014_14346_29


Woman's huipil (bodice)

Maker: Triqui culture
Medium:Cotton and wool tabby, gauze, and brocading
Geography: San Andrés Chicahuaxtla, State of Oaxaca, Mexico
Date: 1964
106.5 x 95.5 cm
Object number: 986.206.12
Credit Line: This acquisition was made possible with the generous support of Mrs. A. Murray Vaughan from the Doris Heyden Collection
Not on view

The backstrap loom allows weavers to pattern cloth in many different ways. The vibrant ankle-length huipiles of Triqui women in the Mixteca Alta region of Oaxaca are woven in three widths. Horizontal bands of white gauze alternate with colourful brocaded bands. The head-opening is edged with appliquéd ribbons hemmed into points. Trailing lengths of ribbon hang down behind. In many Triqui villages, the sides of huipiles are left almost open.

Traditional garments are simple to construct, and require little or no tailoring – their visual interest lies with the fibres, the depth and range of colour, and the design motifs. Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) has been cultivated in Mexico for over 5000 years. After cotton, makers of indigenous clothing most frequently use wool. Introduced into Mexico after the Conquest, it is especially popular in cold and mountainous regions.

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