Bustier of Tehuana gala ensemble - ROM2015_14490_2

ROM2015_14490_2

Bustier of Tehuana gala ensemble

Maker: Tehuana culture
Medium:Cotton velvet with cotton machine embroidery
Geography: Juchitán de Zaragoza, State of Oaxaca, Mexico
Date: 2014
Dimensions:
39 x 44 cm
Object number: 2014.36.25.1
Credit Line: This acquisition was made possible with the generous support of the Kircheis Family Endowment Fund
Not on view
DescriptionThis modern gala ensemble of an embroidered velvet bustier contrasting with a solid colour skirt is often worn by young women who prefer a tailored bustier to the traditional huipil. Zapotec women on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec are known as Tehuanas. Their elaborate and flamboyant fashions became a symbol of national pride after 1920, when post-revolutionary leaders rejected European values and promoted ethnic diversity. Tehuanas wear a short huipil (tunic) and matching enagua (skirt), both embroidered with floral or geometric designs, and many gold ornaments. Ceremonial wear features a headdress of starched lace, known locally as a huipil grande. During the 1930s and 1940s, artist Frida Kahlo and other cultural figures adopted Tehuana dress to proclaim their allegiance to Mexican values and popular traditions.
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