Weight of 1/3 Persian 'daric' - ROM2014_14146_19

ROM2014_14146_19

Weight of 1/3 Persian 'daric'

Medium:Alabaster, carved and polished
Geography: Possibly excavated at Naukratis, Egypt
Date: c. 1400-1200 BC
Period: Late 18th to early 19th Dynasty, New Kingdom
Dimensions:
0.8 × 1.7 cm, 2.4 g
Object number: 909.80.392
On view
Gallery Location:Galleries of Africa: Egypt
Description

Currency in the form of coins was introduced into Egypt during the Late Period, but for most of Ancient Egyptian history a barter-exchange system based on the value of various weights of silver or copper was used.  Goods were valued in terms of how much copper or silver would be required to buy them, and then exchanged for other goods with the same value in metal.  For example, an Ostracon from Deir el Medina, #73, verso, described by Jac Jansen in Commodity Prices from the Ramesside Period (Leiden, 1975) gives an example of a coffin worth 25.5 deben of copper, which was purchased for two goats, one pig, two sycamore logs, and 13.5 deben of actual copper. There are many such exchanges recorded from Ancient Egypt.  Units of grain and oils were also used in exchange-barter.  As in modern economies, rates of exchange varied with supply. The weight, in grams, of a deben changed from the Old and New Kingdoms to the Late Period, but a qedet, (also known as a kite) was always valued at one tenth of a deben.

In addition to the native system of deben and qedet, the Ancient Egyptians also used Mesopotamian, Syrian and Greek systems. This weight corresponds to the Mesopotamian system. The city of Naukratis, where a great many weights have been found, had a mixed population of soldiers and traders from the Aegean and Mesopotamia as well as native Egyptians.  Egypt had been conquered, briefly, by Assyria, and was part of the Persian Empire from about 525 bce until the invasion of Alexander of Macedon in 332 bce; Mesopotamian weights, however, have been found in Egyptian contexts as early as the pre-dynastic Gerzean period.

Stone and bronze weights equivalent to specific amounts of copper were used in everyday market transactions, and could be checked against more official weights kept in temples.

Collection:
Egypt
Bibliography:
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