Shabti of Ankh-ef-(en)-Maat - 994x2.733_1


Shabti of Ankh-ef-(en)-Maat

Medium:Glazed composition (faience)
Geography: Thebes (modern Luxor), Egypt
Date: c. 945-715 BC
Period: 22nd Dynasty, 3rd Intermediate Period
14.3 x 5.1 cm
Object number: 994x2.733
Not on view

Shabtis are small human-form figurines placed in tombs to assist the deceased in the Afterworld with corvée labour, as detailed in Spell 6 of The Book of the Dead. In the 3rd Intermediate Period it became common for tomb owners to be provided with a shabti for every day of the year. These would be organized into groups of ten workers, each under the control of an officer, or overseer. This is a worker shabti. He wears a tripartite wig. His nose has been damaged. His eyes and eyebrows have been outlined with black paint. His arms are depicted dorssed over the chest as seen by the projecting elebows and fists visible under the ends of the wig lappets. A hoe for each hand has been added in black paint. There are abrasions on the back of the figure, but a square basket hanging from the shoulders was added in black paint. These tools were meant to have been used in the Afterlife for agricultural labour. A single framed columnof text on the front of the figure reads "the Osiris Ankh-ef-(en)-Maat, justifed." (S.B. Shubert)

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