Funerary cone of High priest of Amun Hapuseneb - ROM2016_15062_37


Funerary cone of High priest of Amun Hapuseneb

Medium:Unfired clay impressed with stamp seal
Geography: Theban Tomb (TT67), el-Qurna, Luxor, Egypt
Date: c. 1472-1425 BC
Period: Reign of Hatshepsut/Thuthmose III, 18th Dynasty, New Kingdom
8.4 × 23.5 cm
Object number: 993X2.61
Not on view

Funerary cones are largely a New Kingdom Theban phenomenon.  They are usually hand-made of clay and the flat base of the cone is impressed with a seal containing the name and titles of the tomb owner, which therefore appear in relief. The cones seem to have originally been placed above the entrance of the owner's tomb, with the pointed end inserted into the ground or plaster and flat end being visible to those visiting the tomb. Friezes made of upward of 300 cones seem to have formed exterior decoration of many of the Theban tombs, especially in the 18th Dynasty. Representations of these cone friezes have been found in some of the Theban tombs. Unfortunately, none of the actual cone friezes remain intact today. Cones have been found in at least one instance lining the court of a tomb. This funerary cone is stamped with three horizontal lines of  text identifying the owner of Theban tomb 67. The text reads "hereditary noble, count, seal-bearer and high priest of Amun Hapuseneb, justified."  As high priest of Amun, Hapuseneb held one of the most powerful positions in the country during the reign of Hatshepsut and her successor Thuthmose III.

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