Human head pendant 玉人头 - ROM2010_11480_30


Human head pendant 玉人头

Medium:Worked and polished jade
Geography: China
Date: 2nd half of 2nd millennium BC
Period: Neolithic Shijiahe culture
3.4 x 2.4 x 0.8 cm
Object number: 960.241.1
Credit Line: The Dr. James M. Menzies Collection
On view
Gallery Location:Joey and Toby Tanenbaum Gallery of China
DescriptionThis carved jade pendant of a head with a cap is translucent grey-green stone. The face is rather flat with only very light modelling. The back of the pendant is finished but plain. The ears are delineated in outline, and circular earrings hang from the elongated lobes. An edged, transverse element above the brow suggests the flat cap or headband. The neck is strong and undecorated. A fracture line can be seen in the plain central back-panel. A V-shaped break in the top of the head exposes the top of the perforation, which runs through the pendant from top to bottom and possibly occurred at the time of carving. Reportedly, this jade was collected near a Shang site at Anyang during the 1930-40s by James Menzies, whose family donated this piece to the ROM in 1960. This Neolithic Shijiahe pendant was possibly treasured and re-used by Shang elites at Anyang. 玉质青灰色,部分有白斑。长方形片状,减地浅浮雕碾琢一戴冠人头像。正面冠中部至额部残,背面有裂,右下角残。冠为平顶、平沿,菱形眼,外眼角细长,宽鼻,闭口,两眼垂环。背面无纹,冠、耳、环在两侧以竖槽隔开。从头顶至颈底有一纵向贯通的穿孔,可以穿绳佩戴。(Gu Fang)
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