Ramos Polychrome Hooded Effigy Jar - ROM2019_17356_7


Ramos Polychrome Hooded Effigy Jar

Maker: Casas Grandes Culture
Geography: Casas Grandes Valley, Mexico
Date: AD 1200 - 1400
20.2 X 17.4 cm
Object number: HMC18
Not on view
DescriptionIn the Chihuahuan desert of northern Mexico, the Casas Grandes culture flourished in the regional centre of Paquimé from 1200-1400 AD. Paquimé is the largest known ancient Puebloan town and was a massive trade centre that specialized in exotic goods like macaws, turquoise, and sea shells. It was also a producer of Ramos-style pottery, which is characterized by complex geometric designs.  Effigy pots such as this one feature a human head above the rim of the pot. They are unusal for the Southwest but common in Mesoamerica. With no appendages and a hooded rim, the vessel is nonetheless distinct from Mesoamerican examples and is likely a local invention. The lines on this effigy jar's lips and chin and the triangles on the cheeks may represent tattooing. The black lines on the chin suggest that this is a female figure, as males usually have both black and red lines.
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