Plain tripod bottle with effigy medallions - ROM2004_948_10

ROM2004_948_10

Plain tripod bottle with effigy medallions

Maker: Mississippian
Medium:Clay
Geography: Neely’s Ferry, Arkansas, USA
Date: 1350-1500 AD
Period: Mississippian (1000-1600 AD)
Dimensions:
17 × 12.5 cm
Object number: 888.9.51
Credit Line: Gift of C.W. Riggs
On view
Gallery Location:Shreyas and Mina Ajmera Gallery of Africa, the Americas and Asia-Pacific
DescriptionThe Mississippian culture flourished from 900 to 1550 AD. During this time, large and complex political and cultural centres were built in the central Mississippi region of the United States. Thousands of people lived in these towns. Some of the settlements were large cities. The natural resources of the area were abundant; edible plants included acorns from oak trees, wild rice, wild potato, wild onions, and a great variety of berries, nuts, and fruits. Mammals, birds, and fish were plentiful. With a short and warm winter (4°C) and hot summers, the climate was ideal for horticulture, and corn and squash were planted. The inhabitants needed containers for their food. Great numbers of bowls, jugs, and pots were made, all by hand, without a potter’s wheel, probably by pottery specialists for sale and trade. The pottery vessels these peoples left behind date to the Late Mississippian period, from about 1300 to 1550 AD. The ROM’s collection contains mostly plain rimmed bowls, undecorated long-necked bottles polished in red, and others not polished but with dull surfaces. However, some objects were more elaborately constructed and decorated. One unusual specimen is this tripod bottle with three affixed miniature clay masks.
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