Fossil mastodont skeleton - ROM2007_9476_1

ROM2007_9476_1

Fossil mastodont skeleton

Place Collected
(Object)
:
North America, Canada, Ontario, Niagara RM, Forks Road, Wainfleet Township, SW of Welland
Date: Purchased in 1919
Dimensions:
length=642; width=170; height=300 cm
Taxonomy
    • Attributes
    • Objects
    • Taxonomy
    • KingdomAnimalia
    • PhylumChordata
    • ClassMammalia
    • OrderProboscidea
    • FamilyMammutidae
    • GenusMammut
    • SpecificEpithetamericanum
Object number: ROMVP00065
On view
Gallery Location:Reed Family Gallery of the Age of Mammals, Ice Ages, Big Guys, Mastodont
DescriptionThe mastodont, Mammut americanum, was one of the largest mammals living during the Pleistocene, from about 2 million years ago to 10,000 years ago. Along with the extinct mammoth, it belonged to the Proboscidea order, which now contains only one family—modern-day elephants. Smaller than a mammoth, the mastodont was similar in size to an elephant, but had a longer body, shorter legs, rounded teeth, and larger and longer tusks (up to five metres in length). A herbivore, the mastodont inhabited spruce and fir forests across North America, browsing on leaves, twigs, branches and shrubs. This individual only had one tusk: the cavity in the skull for the left tusk had closed during its lifetime. Also look at the front of the mastodont's lower jaw to see a second pair of small tusks: mammoths and elephants lack these.
Collector(s):Smith;Harry;;
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